This post is the continuation of a topic I started yesterday all about the right metrics to focus on and how many marketing teams may be using the wrong ones without realizing it. In Part I, I shared 10 meaningless metrics that brands should consider moving away from. Most of those metrics are either based on precedent (what brands have always measured) or ignorance (a lack of knowledge about other metrics to track). As a whole, the single word that defines the old view of metrics is to focus on impressions. A more sophisticated model measures engagement or interaction (ie – a more active consumption of content). Eyeballs are not enough. So, to help you start thinking outside your typical metrics, here are some of the underappreciated metrics that I believe more brands should focus on in 2008:
- Inbound Links (from influential sources) – Most marketers right now are already paying attention to inbound links, but the problem with most is that there is no qualitative assessment. What this means, for example, is that getting included on the blogroll of a spam blog is the equivalent of getting mentioned in a post on a high influence blog. They are not equal, which is why the Technorati Authority rating made it onto my list of most meaningless metrics yesterday. Getting smarter about measuring inbound links, however, will be crucial – and this means paying more attention to where that link comes from.
- Direct URL Access – Do you record how many people get to your site by directly typing in the URL? This may be the most important ignored metric of all. The reason is that it tells you volumes about your brand and your marketing if you can find a way to get better at measuring it. When someone directly types your URL into their browser, it indicates familiarity with your brand, recall of a particular message that made your URL stick in their heads, qualified traffic and a likeliness that they are seeking some piece of information specifically.
- RSS Subscribers – Most bloggers have already started to pay more attention to how many RSS subscribers they have and even use it as a badge of honor when describing the traffic to their blog. Aside from being more accurate than inbound links as a measure of influence simply because it is much tougher to accidentally count spam as traffic, this allows you to measure a level of engagement as well. If someone has chosen to subscribe to your content, that indicates a depth of engagement that a simple page view does not.
- Email Link Referrals – We all know that people cut and paste links and forward content to one another, but few marketers pay enough attention to tracking this. The reason is fairly obvious … when you get a link coming through from a forwarded email, it is typically impossible to follow. As a result, it is rarely counted in referring links and ignored as a source of traffic. Yet, once again, if someone sends a link to your content to someone else, it is likely to indicate a level of engagement that is far higher.
- Time Spent (engagement) – In my post yesterday, I noted that time spent can be a misleading metric because it can also unintentionally give you credit for having a confusing user interface that takes a long time for a user to navigate (thus inflating your time spent). This doesn’t, however, mean that I think you should ignore the time spent metric altogether. It still provides a valuable data point, assuming you are confident that you are measuring actual engagement rather than time wasted.
- Organic Keyword Referrals – Most large brands are getting far more sophisticated with search terms, targeting the popular ones and measuring their response. Alongside all this paid search marketing, however, users are typing in their own search queries, and arriving at your site organically. What many brands surprisingly forget to do is fully track and index all the keywords that people are using through organic search to reach their site. This gives you clues not only to help you focus a search campaign, but also to improve your content.
- Email Longevity and Multiple Opens – As I shared yesterday, email opens are a useless metric because many emails are opened by accident. An interesting measure that is underappreciated by many email marketers is how long people keep an email in their inbox and how many times they open it. If you think about it, the most useful emails that you have gotten are ones that you are likely to keep on file and open at least a few times. Aside from forwarding an email, which pretty much everyone already measures, keeping track of multiple opens (and particularly the time between opens) can lend interesting insight into how evergreen your emails are.
- Abandonment – One of the most useful areas to focus on gathering as many metrics as you can is around the idea of abandonment, or the moment when a user leaves your site for any reason. The types of metrics that could be useful here are time spent before leaving (which may indicate that they arrived at your site by accident if it is only a few seconds), last page viewed (which tells you whether there is a "dead spot" that tends to lose users), or shopping cart behaviour (obviously key to know why people don’t complete purchases).
- Clickstream – The clickstream can mean many things to people depending on how they term their metrics. what I mean by it are the sites visited directly before and after someone visits your site. This can tell you volumes if you learn how to read between the lines to what the data is actually telling you. For example, if people go straight to Google after your site, chances are they are still seeking something they didn’t find on your site. Visiting a competitor site also gives you clues of what other products or services your customers consider. Finally, when someone is visiting an unrelated site, this may give you a clue about what they thought they might find on your site and perhaps why they left.
- Microsharing – Of course, regular readers of this blog probably know that I couldn’t get through a post like this without making up a new term … so let’s talk about "microsharing." This is the idea that people are sharing bits of knowledge in lots of ways that don’t show up on traditional marketing metrics. They post a link on Twitter, they bookmark something on del.icio.us, or they add something to Digg. Each is a social method of sharing information, but brands typically don’t track any of these effectively because few feel they have the means to do it. Unfortunately, there is no magic solution to help brands measure this today. There are conversation tracking tools, and manual analysis is always an option … but in 2008, this will be something that most smart marketers will be paying a lot more attention to – and more vendors will likely be coming up with easier solutions to help track.
Any other favourite metrics that you would add to this list that you feel marketers have been ignoring and need to focus on in the new year?